Rural Drinking Water Supply is a State subject. For improving the coverage of adequate & safe drinking water to the rural population, Ministry provides technical & financial assistance through a Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP)’. The Programme was launched on 01.04.2009. The Programme is being implemented in all States and two Union Territories (Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Puducherry). The Programme has been restructured in November 2017 to make it more competitive, outcome based and result oriented. The assistance is to achieve the aim to provide every rural person with adequate safe water for drinking, cooking and other domestic basic needs on a sustainable basis which is to be readily and conveniently accessible at all times and in all situations. This is in line with United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Target # 6, i.e. ‘By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all’.
Funding under NRDWP
a) The Earmarking of funds at the Central level is as under:
|Earmarking of Funds||Percentage|
|JE-AES affected high priority districts with bacteriological contamination||2|
|North Eastern (NE) States||10|
|Non-NE States / UTs||88|
b) Funds are set aside for two focused sub-programmes which is as under:
|Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Projects for Low Income States (RWSSP-LIS) – being executed in Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand & Uttar Pradesh||Allocation as per the Project guidelines|
|National Water Quality Sub-Mission (NWQSM)||Allocation as per the NWQSM guidelines|
c) Component, Purpose and fund sharing pattern:
|Purpose||Fund sharing pattern|
|Coverage Normal Component (75%) Sustainability (Functionality) component (25%). These funds are for piped water supply schemes only. However, 5% (max.) of every release can be used for each of following activities: o Support o WQM&S (Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance) In case, a State is unable to use the funds for Support and WQM&S activities, unused funds may be used for PWS schemes. Sustainability (Functionality) component is released based on functionality status of completed piped water supply schemes under NRDWP as third party verification. Part (1/3) of Normal Component is released after Pre-Financing of Central Share by the States|| 100:0 for UTs
90:10 for NE and Himalayan States
50:50 for other States
For Support & WQM&S
|JE-AES: To be used for PWS schemes and conversion of public shallow hand pumps to India Mark II or higher version etc.|
Weightage for Allocation of Funds amongst States for Coverage purpose:
|Rural Population (as per last Census)||40|
|Rural SC and ST population (as per last Census)||10|
|States under DDP, DPAP, HADP and special category Hill States in terms of rural areas||40|
|Population (as per IMIS) residing in habitations having affected by chemical contaminants including heavy metals (as on 31st March of preceding financial year)||10|
Provision for SCs and STs
The NRDWP has special provisions to ensure coverage of the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe population with potable water supply. 22% and 10% of the funds are earmarked for the use in SC and ST dominated areas respectively. The criteria for fund allocation to States under the NRDWP, the rural SC and ST population of the State has a weightage of 10%. Thus States with higher SC and ST population get a higher allocation of NRDWP funds.
Progress of NRDWP in North Eastern States
10% of the funds are earmarked for the North Eastern States.
Mitigation of Japanese Encephalitis/Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (JE/AES)
Under National Rural Drinking Water Programme, 2% of allocation of funds is earmarked for 60 high priority Japanese Encephalitis (JE) / Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) affected district identified by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project- Low Income States (RWSSP-LIS)
Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project-Low Income States (RWSSP-LIS) costing Rs. 6174 Crore is being implemented since June 2014 with the support of World Bank to improve piped water supply in Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. The Project is planned to be completed by March 2020 and expected to benefit 75 lakh population and 16,933 habitations.
National Water Quality Sub-Mission (NWQSM)
National Water Quality Sub-Mission had been launched on 22nd March, 2017 to provide safe drinking water to about 28,000 arsenic / fluoride affected habitations over a span of 4 years.
SWAJAL – A Community Led Approach to Rural Piped Drinking Water Supply
Swajal, a community demand driven, decentralized, single village, preferably solar powered, mini PWS programme for aspirational districts identified by NITI Aayog has been launched. The States may use Flexi Funds of NRDWP releases.
National Centre for Drinking Water, Sanitation and Quality (NCDWS&Q)
A National Centre for Drinking Water, Sanitation and Quality (formerly known as International Centre for Drinking Water Quality) registered under Societies Registration Act. 1860 is set up at Kolkata as an autonomous Institution under the Ministry. The scope of work of the Centre was initially limited to undertake activities under drinking water quality sector. Keeping in view the challenges in sanitation sector, the scope of work of the Centre has been expanded to monitor the work relating to Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) since October, 2018.
|21||Minutes of 10th High Level Technical Committee meeting held on 13th August, 2018(12.09.2018)||12/09/2018||Download (994.91 KB)|
|22||Minutes of the one day workshop 10th May, 2018(21.06.2018)||22/06/2018||Download (575.72 KB)|
|23||Minutes of 9th Meeting of Dr. R.A. Mashelkar Committee held on 23rd January, 2018(16.02.2018)||21/02/2018||Download (960.95 KB)|
|24||Handbook on Drinking Water Treatment -Technologies,February 2013||Array||Download (28.4 MB)|