Swajal | National Rural Drinking Water Programme
flagGovernment of India
Skip to main content Screen Reader
Training on Swajal Program


About Swajal

Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation launched Swajal a community demand driven, decentralized, single village, preferably solar powered, mini PWS programme for the 112 aspirational districts in 27 States identified by NITI Aayog. The aspirational districts have low coverage of habitations with piped water supply as compared to National Coverage. Thus, there is a large scope for expansion of PWS through Swajal in these districts. It challenges the aspirational districts to have demand based scheme instead of a routine supply based one. Gram Panchayats in partnership with rural communities and State Sectoral agencies would be involved in the execution of the scheme and also operate and maintain the scheme. Swajal would ideally be implemented as a groundwater based Piped Water Supply (PWS) scheme in all the habitations of these districts with no piped water supply.

Swajal was originally launched as a pilot scheme in February 2018 in six States of Bihar, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan. Later, it was extended to all the 112 aspirational districts identified by NITI Aayog. Pilot schemes taken up original Swajal would continue to be funded under the programme.

The guidelines are advisory in nature and provide flexibility to the States to further improvise the scheme implementation keeping in view the local requirements and existing procedures.

As per Ministry’s IMIS, so far 2255 schemes have been identified for implementation in eight States The States Governments are advised to access the funds under the “Flexi Funds” under NRDWP. 5% of the funds (both Central and state share put together) under NRDWP can be utilized by the State for funding Swajal.

In order to build the capacity of the field officials, a first of its kind Training of Trainers (ToTs) programme has been organized by the Ministry with assistance from UNICEF.

Swajal Documents

S.No Title Date Attachment
1 Letter regarding Amendment in Swajal Guidelines regarding Opening of separate Saving Bank (SB) accounts for the Implementation of Swajal Yojna in the Gram Panchayats of the aspirational districts of the State for Capital Cost and O & M cost(10.03.2019) 20/03/2019 Download (429.17 KB) pdf
2 Letter regarding Guidelines on Swajal- Amendment thereof(11.12.2018) 20/12/2018 Download (281.66 KB) pdf
3 Letter regarding Continuation of funding of Swajal Schemes taken up in States on the basis of guidelines issued by the Ministry on 7.3.2018(17.09.2018) 17/09/2018 Download (275.86 KB) pdf
4 Swajal PPT 07/09/2018 Download (2.4 MB) pdf
5 Letter regarding Implementation on Swajal schemes in aspirational district(06.09.2018) 07/09/2018 Download (491.97 KB) pdf
6 Swajal Guidelines 31/08/2018 Download (7.93 MB) pdf
7 Minutes of the review-cum-consultation meeting held on 2nd August, 2018 under the Chairpersonship of Joint Secretary (W) MDWS (21.08.2018) 21/08/2018 Download (1.16 MB) pdf
8 Constitution of the Task Force regarding SWAJAL Pilot Project(08.02.2018) 08/02/2018 Download (635.63 KB) pdf